Synthèse et caractérisation des matériaux PT:Mg et LN:Mg/Ho en vue de fabrication de fibres cristallines

Abstract : The ferroelectric materials of the perovskite type PbTiO3 and LiNbO3 have of great interest because of the existence of ferroelectric phase, and the possibility of modifying their physical properties by many ionic substitutions. In addition, these materials have physical properties, dielectric, electro-optical, dielectrics, non-linear optical and the performing electronics, who make materials very much used in many applications in various fields. The work of this thesis concerns the synthesis and study of physicochemical properties of perovskites type PT: Mg and LN: Mg or LN: Ho in the form of powders, ceramics and pulling crystalline fibers from these powders. The interest of our work, has focused on studying the role of dopants, the incorporation into the host crystal structure and study of their effects on the physical and functional properties. The results show that Mg affects the quadracité PT, it integrates the Site before 10% Mg, beyond it integrates the two sites A and B. The dielectric analysis shows that the compound retains the behavior of a classical ferroelectric in temperature mounted, for against by descent, the compound exhibits a relaxor behavior. The structural characterizations show that the incorporation of the dopant (Mg or Ho) in the stitch of LN induced a deformation of the crystal stitch. Up to 5% mol the Mg substitute Li (Site A), reduced the number of intrinsic defects (Nb antisite) and decreases the intensity of the photoluminescence. Beyond, it integrates the two sites A and B. holmium incorporates the LN and does not affect the intensity of the photoluminescence, it integrates the stitch in interstitial site. We pulled the crystalline fibers LN and LN: Ho2% by the µ-PD method, the fibers obtained, a few centimeters in length with a diameter less than to mm. The characterization of these fibers shows that are the LN and their properties can be improved by the heat treatments
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Fatima Fadil. Synthèse et caractérisation des matériaux PT:Mg et LN:Mg/Ho en vue de fabrication de fibres cristallines. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0393⟩. ⟨tel-01749872⟩

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