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La céramique domestique du Premier Moyen âge (VIe-XIIème siècle) : l'exemple du sillon lorrain

Abstract : For twenty-five years preventive archaeology has enabled to find a significant number of rural and urban settlement sites from the Early Middle Ages , which were riche in ceramics. These completely new material has enabled to study for the first time household ceramics in the Moselle Valley. Whereas the essential part of knowledge used to concern funerary ceramic, it began possible to carry out the study of every day crockery. While Late Antique features still remain visible in some rough and smooth clay body vessels, 6th and 7th centuries are characterized by new shapes, probably coming from the Frankish area: carinate shaped vases and bowls, flared wall bowls, cups, flat based slightly decorated globular pots, with or without handle can be compared to the craft production in the outstanding Merovingian workshops such as Mayen, Huy and Maastricht. From the end of the 8th century, a morphological break occurs in domestic ceramic pottery. Closed shapes diversify (pots, pots with handles, with spouts, jugs) as well as in open shapes (skillet, bowls with pedestal base, curved bowls, goblets in the shape of a truncated cone, lids). Pots with handles or perforated neck are very decorated. They evolve towards more globular shapes with rounded bottoms. Stylistic influences introduced in the region from the 8th century reflect a strong impact of Belgium, the Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the Rhine Valley. This could be related to the Carolingian expansion which facilitated exchanges. Whereas the period between the 10th and 12th centuries usually means Revolution in Eastern Europe, it is surprising to find a large technical and morphological continuity in the different kinds of containers. The number of pots with handles decreases, whereas the pots with perforated neck for hanging are more numerous. Open shapes are limited to bowls, curved bowls and lids. Decorated ceramics are barely present, only a few pots and pots with handles can be found. Production is still typical of North-western Europe. It is not until the beginning of 13th century that a real revolution takes place in ceramics, leading to a new chronological and cultural area.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01749876, version 1


Rachel Prouteau. La céramique domestique du Premier Moyen âge (VIe-XIIème siècle) : l'exemple du sillon lorrain. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0145⟩. ⟨tel-01749876⟩



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