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L'expérience territoriale éclairée par la pensée d'A.N. Whitehead. Potentialité des régions conviviales et application à la région "Entre Vosges et Ardennes"

Abstract : Civil engineers, just as architects, townplanners and geographers, are confronted with the experience of transformation of territory in its ideal as well as material dimensions. Following a non-dualist definition of the notion of experience according to the organic thought of A.N.Whitehead, it can be pointed out that also in the approaches of other authors : J.Degermann, G.Vial, B.Vachon, P.Calame, there are five invariables within this notion. Is it only coincidence, or just an intellectual exercise? To reply to these questions, a research protocol has been adopted and applied to fifteen different approaches. These include PRH, HFC, B.Vachon, FPH, W.Twitchett, AIU, P.Braconnier, Guy Di Méo, A.Berque and AITF. The convergence of approaches confirms itself around the same five realities of experience. But how do they work together? Part II firstly presents "organic thought". The experience of modern science shows that reality does not consist of "indivisible atoms and without spontaneity", but rather of "drops ofexperience" (W.James), referred to by A.N.Whitehead as "actual entities" or "actual occasions of experience". On this scientific and philosophical basis, confirmed by the experiments of B.Aspect (1992, 2002) can be defined the notions of pure, hybrid and real potential. These notions enable the characterisation of geographical objects in a non-dualist, organic approach. Such questioning is close to that of Augustin Berque. This approach replies to the need to go beyond ?the dichotomy of the material and the ideal' of Guy Di Méo and indicate the passages that are implied by such overtaking. These bases enable application of the organic thought of A.N.Whitehead to geography and to constitute a territorial and institutional "tool box", in prolongation of the approach initiated by W.Twitchett in his 1995 thesis directed by Paul Claval. These tools conjugate to define the convivial region. As a demonstration, this notion is applied to the region "Between Vosges and Ardennes", in order to open a perspective on the European Union (EU27) in terms of morphological region or convivial region. This in turn enables a preliminary evaluation of such potential regions for around twenty other sub-continental entities and also to explain the significance for the actors involved.
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Philippe Vaillant. L'expérience territoriale éclairée par la pensée d'A.N. Whitehead. Potentialité des régions conviviales et application à la région "Entre Vosges et Ardennes". Géographie. Université Nancy 2, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN21019⟩. ⟨tel-01749894⟩

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