Modification contrôlée des propriétes cristallochimiques et physico-chimique de matériaux nanostructurés à base de TIO2 pour la maitrise des propriétés photocatalytiques

Abstract : Protecting the environment has become a major issue. The heterogeneous photocatalysis , photochemical advanced oxidation technology has the advantage of oxidizing many contaminants from water . The most commonly used catalyst is titanium dioxide (TiO2) for reasons of efficiency, stability and low cost of production. Our goal in this thesis is to better control the surface properties of the photocatalysts from two new concepts. The first is based on the control of the hydrophilic or hydrophobic character of the surface. The second is the use of clay as catalyst support or as a composite material. A first way is to control the surface to modify the graft of different organic molecules such as organosilanes such hexadecyltrichlorosilane ( HTS , hydrophobic ) and N- (6- aminohexyl ) aminopropyl - trimethoxysilane ( AHAPS , hydrophilic ) . Another way of controlling the surface of the titanium is immobilized on a support. The selected material is clay because of their large adsorption capacity and retention of pollutants. System preparation was carried out in two methods: the copreciptation and sol/gel. At the end of each part, a the photocatalytic tests were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the system developed
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Mounir Kassir. Modification contrôlée des propriétes cristallochimiques et physico-chimique de matériaux nanostructurés à base de TIO2 pour la maitrise des propriétés photocatalytiques. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0136⟩. ⟨tel-01750129⟩

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