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Modélisation des variations journalières de la conductance stomatique : apport d'une approche dynamique et conséquences sur l'efficience intrinsèque d'utilisation de l'eau chez le chêne

Abstract : Intrinsic water use efficiency (Wi), defined as the ratio between net CO2 assimilation rate (A) and stomatal conductance to water vapour (gs), is a leaf level estimator of the trade-off between biomass accumulation and water loss at the plant level. A number of studies have shown a strong inter and intra-specific diversity, usually using a time integrated estimator of this trait. However, the origin of this diversity is not yet well known. Up to now, research on the daily variations of Wi have shown a stronger influence of gs on the diversity of Wi as compared to A. An inverse modelling approach has allowed partitioning the variations of gs observed during daily time-courses into parameters, which describe the stomatal responses to different microclimatic variables. Compared to steady-state gs models, the development of a new dynamic model of gs has allowed adding a necessary temporal dimension, which describes the temporal response of stomata to environmental variations. The observed diversity of these temporal stomatal responses was not related to stomatal density or size. The temporal responses of stomata were shown to be asymmetric between opening and closing, which impacts the observed diversity of gs during daily time courses as well as whole plant water relations. Overall these results suggest two components that determine the variations of Wi related to gs during daily time courses: one component due to the temporal response of stomata in itself, and one component which is due to differences in the sensing of microclimate variations
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01750135
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Silvère Vialet-Chabrand. Modélisation des variations journalières de la conductance stomatique : apport d'une approche dynamique et conséquences sur l'efficience intrinsèque d'utilisation de l'eau chez le chêne. Sylviculture, foresterie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0146⟩. ⟨tel-01750135⟩

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