Corps à corps oeuvre-public : esthésie des dispositifs artistiques interactifs et somagraphiques

Abstract : This research questions Alva Noë's publication on 2001, Experience and experiment in art, about what he called "experiential art". My research issue deals with the enactive behavior (Francisco Varela, 1988) of the viewer in an interactive and spatialized artistic device. It is first of all a question of the aesthesia of this type of work which means immediate seizure of the work, as premotor, sensorimotor and emotional reception, that is to say a not intellectualized one. Interactive art can't be reduced to an art of calculation, it's also an interactive art that sets the living at the centre of the artistic device. Francisco Varela's research is used here to analyse the perceptive modifications and associations in the piece of art. The interactive art's spreading in space specifically allows to gather several visitors in the installation and to multiply the possibilities of interaction and interference between them. So it seems to us that space-spread interactive art particularity is on the one hand to propose sensitive exercises during the interfacing with the device, and on the other hand to bring the interactor to experience them in the presence of other people. Simondon's psychological and social theory is also used in a scientific context that isn't his: art theory and more precisely interactive art. So we have tried to gather the enaction theory and Simondon's transidividual theory to explain space-spread interactive art aesthesia. To answer my questions, I developed the concept of "somagraphy" which indicates experiential installations writing their presence on the visitors' body. Somagraphy relies on three theoretical sources, the sense of movement (Alain Berthoz, 1997), Richard Shusterman's soma-aesthetic (2007) and the theory of enaction of Francisco Varela. The body of the viewer is then problematized, that is to say, this body is not given but submitted to automatic procedures that somagraphy wants to break. The hypothesis of this research was that the aesthesia's analysis of interactive spatial art must include emotional processes as well as the learning phase of the technical device. My results have highlighted in particular the importance of the context of the visit as well as the age factor. But they also show that there is transindividuation of aesthesis. During these observations I had to consider the mediation's issue which was not present upstream of the research, it inspired the third part of the thesis. Creative mediations try to reach different audiences and enhance their critical approach of art
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Françoise Lejeune. Corps à corps oeuvre-public : esthésie des dispositifs artistiques interactifs et somagraphiques. Art et histoire de l'art. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0214⟩. ⟨tel-01750179⟩

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