Utilisation de la thérapie EMDR - Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing - dans le cadre de la douleur chronique : efficience et perspectives cliniques

Abstract : Considering the use of EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) therapy is an innovative approach in chronic pain management, this research was divided into three steps. The first part focuses on studying the introduction of the traumatic component as a new aspect of chronic pain. As a multifactorial issue, chronic pain includes four key components, namely sensory, cognitive, behavioural and emotional aspects. In this context, a literature review on comorbidity between chronic pain and post-traumatic stress disorder was carried out. The second step includes a preliminary research on the use of EMDR therapy and an EMDR protocol specifically related to pain, which was pre-tested on three patients. Results of EMDR therapy are encouraging. Clinical findings of traumatic memories which emerged during therapy were used as a basis for the third step. As a result, the main focus of this research was to compare the use of EMDR therapy versus eclectic healthcare in a hospital unit specialized in the management of chronic pain. Forty-five patients divided into three groups were treated by standard protocol of EMDR therapy, pain protocol of EMDR therapy and eclectic therapy. Results show the effectiveness of EMDR therapy on sensory, cognitive, behavioural and emotional but also traumatic components of pain, EMDR standard protocol being most efficient after five sessions, and a reduction of pain extending one month after therapy has been discontinued.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/DDOC_T_2013_0213_BRENNSTUHL.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01750183
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:40:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01750183, version 1

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Marie - Jo Brennstuhl. Utilisation de la thérapie EMDR - Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing - dans le cadre de la douleur chronique : efficience et perspectives cliniques. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0213⟩. ⟨tel-01750183⟩

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