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Thierry Maulnier: de la Jeune Droite révolutionnaire à l'ordre établi ?

Abstract : From the Action Française Movement, which he joins in the late 20's, to the AcadémieFrançaise, who elect him to a seat with them, and so consecrate his much honored literary career, Thierry Maulnier seems to have navigated between two extreme goals ; namely, promoting an "aristocratic revolution", siding with a "Young Right Movement" inspired by Maurras, and, later on, achieving some intellectual status within the Establishment. Then there comes the year of "Liberation" (of France from the nazi grip), when he is said to have joined in the System, thus betraying his former friends ; however, this well-spread interpretation is as faulty as the label "dissident from the Action Française", that has stuck to him to this day. In the 1930's, Thierry Maulnier explores the economic and social fields to situate himself and to find an alternative for the liberal/capitalistic democracy he cannot stand. The years of Vichy Government, and the German ocupation of France,brought a deep change in his vision of the world, a change that took him away from Maurras ; from then on, he continues his lonely course, far from the Young Right members, though he may meet some of their names in the reviews in which he is a contributor ; he gets involved in other forms of artistic and intellectual expression, such as drama ; yet, he will never reject or denounce his past. In spite of some genuine changes in his political postures, this singular intellectual route displays many persistent ideas, recognizable in his fights against communism, totalitarianism, decolonizing, in his defense of Western civilization that is sinking, according to him. Maulnier's six decades of intellectual life are like a window open on the XXth century history, and on the political trends he is acquainted with.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 4, 2021 - 10:14:06 AM
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Ludovic Morel. Thierry Maulnier: de la Jeune Droite révolutionnaire à l'ordre établi ?. Histoire. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0301⟩. ⟨tel-01750390⟩



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