Mélanges de ciments sulfoalumineux et Portland

Abstract : Blends of ordinary Portland cement and sulfoaluminate cement are innovative hydraulic binders allowing control of concrete properties such as hardening speed or dimensional stability for specific applications. Moreover, carbon dioxide emissions linked to sulfoaluminate cement are significantly reduced compared to ordinary Portland cement. The binder properties can be adjusted due to the diversity of blends conceivable with these two constituents. Each blend has its own hydration kinetic and properties. For example, some blends are expansive and the hardening is progressive whereas other mixtures are dimensionally stable but their strength stagnates after few days. Identification and control of the parameters responsible of these comportments are necessary in order to guaranty specific properties for each application: screed, repairing mortar, etc. This is the aim of this study which described the hydration kinetic, the properties and composition of three blends containing 85 %, 70 % and 40 % of Portland cement. These experiments are completed by thermodynamic modeling of the hydration mechanisms. The effect of the Portland cement composition has also been tested. Finally, it's shown that anhydrite and calcium hydroxide are two key parameters which modify radically the hydration process and allow the properties adjustment required for the blend used
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Romain Trauchessec. Mélanges de ciments sulfoalumineux et Portland. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0234⟩. ⟨tel-01750528⟩

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