Système microfluidique à onde élastique de surface : vers la duplication d'ADN par PCR

Abstract : In this work, a microfluidic system based on surface acoustic wave has been developed in order to achieve the amplification of DNA strands by temperature cycling (PCR). We studied mainly the temperature and the heat uniformity of microdroplets irradiated by Rayleigh waves. These waves are generated at the surface of a lithium niobate substrate. We propose a system allowing better temperature uniformity within microdroplets with an optimal energy consumption. For this, a device with buried transducer has been developed under an insulating layer (Silice). The droplets are then placed directly on the transducer which limits losses and improves the distribution of heat within the microdroplets. We then verified that the PCR reagents are not affected by the Rayleigh waves which suggests that PCR can be performed using a heating system by Rayleigh waves. Moreover, the move of microdroplets on this kind of LiNbO3 substrate is important for lab on chip applications. This substrate having hydrophilic properties, some coatings have been developed to minimize the required force to actuate the microdroplets. In this work, we developed a new hydrophobic layer based on copolymer P(VDF-TrFe) whose production is simply made by dissolving and spreading by spin-coating. We have shown that this kind of layer is compatible with Rayleigh waves and that the hydrophobic properties are equivalent to other coatings
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Thibaut Roux-Marchand. Système microfluidique à onde élastique de surface : vers la duplication d'ADN par PCR. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0259⟩. ⟨tel-01750540⟩

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