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Étude du comportement dynamique et modélisation thermoviscoplastique de nuances d'acier soumises à un impact balistique

Abstract : This thesis aims to contribute to the study of the thermo-mechanical behaviour of metallic materials subjected to ballistic impact. Experimental, analytical and numerical studies were performed to analyze in details the process of perforation. Two materials have been investigated in this work : mild steel ES and IF steel. As a first step, mechanical characterization tests (tensile and compression tests under quasi-static and dynamic conditions) As have been made towards to modeling the mechanical behaviour of the materials studied. The results show that mild steel ES and IF steel are highly susceptible to the strain rate. Two constitutive equations, one empirical (Johnson-Cook) and other semi-physical (Rusinek-Klepaczko) were used to model the thermoviscoplastic behaviour of materials. A complete identification of constants defining the two models was carried out for each material in order to implements the constitutive laws into a finite element code for the numerical simulation of impact and perforation tests. The behaviour of materials under impact was then examined. The effect of the projectile shape, the mechanical properties of the projectile material, the target thickness and it is configuration (monolithic or sandwich) on the perforation process was analyzed. The results show that the failure mode, the ballistic limit and the energy absorption power of the metal target are strongly related to the shape of the projectile used. It has been shown that the monolithic targets plates are more strong to be perforate than the sandwich configurations (total thickness less than or equal to 4 mm). In addition, it was found that the ballistic limit of the target is strongly influenced by the rigidity of the projectile used. Finally, a 3D FE model was developed to simulate the mechanical behaviour of metal targets subjected to ballistic impact. The results from the numerical predictions were compared with experiments. It has been observed globally a good agreement between the numerical predictions and experiments especially in terms of ballistic curves, energy absorbed, failure modes and failure time for each kind of projectile. The numerical results show the importance of an accurate description of materials behaviour under dynamic conditions based on laboratory experiments including thermal softening effects, strain hardening and strain rate sensitivity in numerical modeling of physical processes
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:51:03 PM
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Kokouvi Mawuli Kpenyigba. Étude du comportement dynamique et modélisation thermoviscoplastique de nuances d'acier soumises à un impact balistique. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0272⟩. ⟨tel-01750634⟩



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