La dynamique de la valeur : contribution à la création de valeur en P.M.E. par la notion de désordre

Abstract : There are many paradoxical situations in companies where the consented efforts to manage situations of disorder are not only not effective to solve the arising problems, but they also generate abnormal operations. To sum up, one can say that the research of value leads to disorder. Thus, the object of our research deals with the creation of value, starting from disorder in companies. The originality of the research consists in enriching the thoughts resulting from manament with those coming from the sciences for engineers, via an approach of transversal disciplines around the set of themes of value. In this context, the first part defines the framework of the research by developing the existing links between value and disorder, starting from a ground of experimentation centered on SME. The dynamic approach of the selected value leads to a different vision based on the constructivist epistemologies. Value is considered as a compromise between order and disorder. After building a model of observation of management practices of creation of value from a quality step, we tried, in the second part, to show the inadequacy of these current professional practices facing the complexity of disorder. An investigation carried out with the SME directors allowed to highlight the fact that the practices listed in situations of disorder regularly generate paradoxical situations. Finally, the last part aims at setting up the dynamic approach of value, starting from an engineeric research. Taking the noticed limits into account, the conceptual and methodological framework of intervention proposed in companies is based on the notion of Organizational Engineery. This proposal leads to redefine the part of the speaker and the tools to use in order to cope with the complex situations of disorder. The methodological contribution of sciences for engineers allowed to validate the step of Organizational Engineery, creator of value from disorder, via a clinical case.
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Christophe Schmitt. La dynamique de la valeur : contribution à la création de valeur en P.M.E. par la notion de désordre. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 1999. Français. ⟨NNT : 1999INPL133N⟩. ⟨tel-01750697⟩

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