Simulation numérique du refroidissement par spray en régime de Leidenfrost

Abstract : In the metallurgy industry, the cooling is a fundamental stage which allows to bring certain qualities to materials (mechanical resistance, flexibility). The impact of a spray is one known process but it is not well understood, limiting its today's scopes. This thesis aims at developing a simulation procedure, in order to obtain a useful numerical tool for the study and the future optimization of the spray cooling. Literature highlights the multitude of the mechanisms of spray cooling, but also the few existing information linking these mechanisms and the characteristics of the spray (diameter, speed and space distribution of droplets). In order to simulate the spray cooling, one proposes to split this process in two stages, the spray flow and the calculation of the cooling. Based on the literature, a correlation on the density of flow of heat removed from the plat is used to link the two stages. A full spray characterization is realized thanks to several experimental tools: Phase Doppler Analyser, speed-camera, measure of surface liquid flow density. Key elements required to characterize and also to initialize the spray in the simulation, are highlighted as well. The method of initialization, the numerical configuration (Eulerian-Lagrangian simulation, RANS k-w turbulence model), as well as the domain of calculation are validated with the simulation of a free-fall spray. The method is then used to calculate characteristics of the spray in the presence of a surface. Finally, the cooling of plate is simulated, bringing results on the heat flow density removed from the plate in accordance with characteristics of the spray. Main results concern the highlighting of major points of simulation communally used but leading to error in the cooling simulation
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Clément Baillard. Simulation numérique du refroidissement par spray en régime de Leidenfrost. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0327⟩. ⟨tel-01750721⟩

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