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Le lambeau-pontage épiploïque : une nouvelle technique de revascularisation pour le sauvetage de membre (étude anatomique, radiologique et expérientale)

Abstract : The incidence of critical limb ischemia increases with the ageing of the population. Often, revascularization decreases the rate of amputation. In some cases, infected wounds with exposure of the tendons, bones or articulations will not heal only with revascularization and local debridement. Surgery combining a distal venous bypass or recanalisation and a free flap can treat those wounds, the vascular bed added by the flap improve the hemodynamic and increases the flow in the bypass. We proposed a new surgical method based on the use of a single anatomical unit, the epiploic flow-through flap (FTF), the gastroepiploic artery (GEA) as the vascular substitute and the greater omentum as the flap. The aim of this work was to analyze the anatomical feasibility of an epiploic BF, and to validate CT scan for preoperative assessment of the suitability of the GEA. We also aimed to evaluate the hemodynamic effects of this technique and to analyze the first clinical experience. 100 anatomical dissections were performed in order to measure the diameters and the lengths of GEA and its branches. An extensive X-ray study was also carried out with injection of a radiopaque product. To evaluate preoperative feasibility of the omental FTF, we studied radiological properties of the GEA on 30 routine CT scans. Finally, we also explored the hemodynamic behavior of this artery and its related flap in porcine models. Our anatomical study confirms the feasibility of a FTF. The average available length of GEA is 245 mm. The average proximal diameter is 3 mm and the distal one is 1.5 mm. Data of radiological study show that CT scan can be used to indicate GEA suitability for an epiploic FTF. The hemodynamic measures showed that thanks to the flap, the blood flow increase in the bypass. Ultimately,we report our first clinical application of the omental FTF for distal lower limb revascularization combined to wound coverage, with successful outcome. Epiploic FTF is a surgical technique, which allows distal revascularization and a simultaneous cover of the limb extremity. This technique can be useful in patients requiring a distal revascularization associated with the coverage of large the wounds
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Nicla Settembre. Le lambeau-pontage épiploïque : une nouvelle technique de revascularisation pour le sauvetage de membre (étude anatomique, radiologique et expérientale). Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0084⟩. ⟨tel-01750807⟩



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