Étude Raman des alliages (Ge,Si), (Zn,Be)Se et Zn(Se,S) via le modèle de percolation : agrégation vs. dispersion et phonon-polaritons

Abstract : The ins and outs of the phenomenological percolation model (multi-mode per bond) developed by the team for the basic understanding of the Raman and infrared spectra of semiconductor alloys with zincblende (II-VI & III-V) and diamond (IV-IV) structure are further explored in novel areas with the Ge1-xSix (diamant), Zn1-xBexSe (zincblende) and ZnSe1-xSx (zincblende) alloys. The version of the percolation worked out for the GeSi diamond alloy (3 bonds, 6 modes/phonons), more refined than the current one for zincblende alloys (2 bonds, 3 phonons), is used as a model version to formalize, via the introduction of a relevant order parameter k, an intrinsic ability behind the vibration spectra, to ‘measure’ the nature of the alloy disorder, as to whether this reflects a random substitution, or a trend towards local clustering or local anticlustering. The percolation-type Zn0.67Be0.33Se alloy is used as a model system to study, by using an unconventional Raman setup corresponding to forward scattering, the dispersion of the transverse optic phonons on approaching of tau, the centre of the Brillouin zone. At this limit such modes become equipped with a macroscopic electric field similar in every point to that carried by a pure electromagnetic wave, namely a photon, being then identified as phonon-polaritons. A specificity of the alloy-related phonon-polaritons, namely their reinforcement approaching of tau ,unexplored so far, is further investigated experimentally with the Zn0.47Be0.53Se et ZnSe0.68S0.32 alloys, selected on purpose, and was indeed confirmed in the latter alloy. A recent infrared study of ZnSeS in the literature has revealed a disconcerting multi-phonon pattern for its shorter bond species (Zn-S). We show that such pattern can be explained within a generalized version of the percolation scheme, a more sophisticated one than the standard version, taking into account the effect of the phonon dispersion in addition to the effect of the local strain. Besides, a refined study of the phonon-polariton regime related to the long Zn-Se bond reveals an unsuspected bimodal pattern, which echoes that earlier evidenced for the short (Zn-S) species. This establishes on an experimental basis that the percolation scheme (multi-phonon per bond) is generic and applies as well to any bond species in an alloy, in principle. Last, we explore the behavior of the Zn-S doublet of ZnSeS at the approach of the zincblende->rocksalt (~14 GPa) transition, by near-forward Raman scattering under pressure, i.e. in the phonon-polariton regime. The low-frequency Zn-S mode appears to weakens and converges onto the high-frequency Zn-S mode under pressure, as earlier observed for the Be-Se doublet of ZnBeSe in backscattering. Such behavior seems to be intrinsic to the percolation-type doublet for the considered structural phase transition. This would reflect a sensitivity to the local instabilities of the host bonds (Zn-Se) at the approach of their natural structure phase transitions characteristic of the related pure compound (ZnSe). The above mentioned behaviors are discussed on the basis of a detailed contour modeling of the Raman spectra taken in backscattering (usual geometry) and forward scattering (depending on the scattering angle then) within the scope of the linear dielectric response. The assignment of the Raman modes is achieved via ab initio phonon calculations done within the SIESTA code using prototype impurity motifs. The predictions of the percolation scheme concerning the k-dependence of the GeSi Raman spectra are confronted with direct ab initio calculations of the GeSi Raman spectra done in collaboration (with V.J.B. Torres) using the AIMPRO code on supercells covering a selection of representative k values
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Rami Hajj Hussein. Étude Raman des alliages (Ge,Si), (Zn,Be)Se et Zn(Se,S) via le modèle de percolation : agrégation vs. dispersion et phonon-polaritons. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0103⟩. ⟨tel-01750825⟩

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