Intensification des procédés de polymérisation : passage du batch au continu

Abstract : Water soluble polymers are typically produced batchwise in multi-product plants, providing the ability to produce a wide range of products. However, some limitations due to the use of batch reactor remain which are the variation of the quality of a synthetic polymer from one run to another run, a non-obvious scale-up step from the laboratory scale to the industrial production, and a technology with limited heat exchange . Dilute conditions are required which implies long cycle production times. A transition from discontinuous to continuous production could be a good alternative if it can accelerate the reaction time but also to ensure a consistent quality of polymer over time. This means in our case a polymer with a high molecular weight and a low polydispersity index. In the frame of the European project F3Factory, a continuous laboratory-scale pilot of 1 to 2kg.hr-1 flowrate for the production of water soluble polymers was designed. The chosen intensified reactor was a tubular reactor containing static mixers. Providing excellent heat transfer, a good mixing with a piston flow character, this technology was also flexible thanks to the presence of standardized flanges and well instrumented for data acquisition in terms of temperature, pressure but also conversion with in-line Raman analysis. Free radical polymerization of acrylic acid was carried out in a continuous way. Two main challenges were faced: an exothermic reaction coupled to a high viscosity. A methodology relative to the transposition from bath to continuous process was developed. A preliminary study coupling rheology and Raman spectroscopy allowed us to acquire relevant data at small-scale (rheokinetic study). This work demonstrates the feasibility of the continuous production of acrylic acid polymer. The impact of various parameters such as the concentrations of monomer and initiator and the temperature was investigated. Finally, our work has focused on characterizing the polymers produced in batch and continuous and to determine the advantages and limitations offered by the continuous process
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Marie-Claire Chevrel. Intensification des procédés de polymérisation : passage du batch au continu. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0111⟩. ⟨tel-01750884⟩

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