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Présence et image de l'Autriche dans les revues libérales allemandes à l'époque de Guillaume II (1890-1918)

Abstract : Austria's presence and image are studied in seven German liberal reviews (Die Hilfe, Die Zeit, Deutsche Rundschau, Die Gegenwart, Die Nation, März, Süddeutsche Monatshefte) within teh era of William II, a study which concerns several research fields. From a corpus of 850 articles, the matter is to go back not so much to historical reality as to ideological bcksides of the speakers - scheduled or casual contributors, German and Austrians, intellectuals and politicians who are in the foreground. With the help of statistical methods, we show here an important presence and a way of diffusion of the ideas which is particular to the liberal milieu and its rich and varied press : so appear German and Austrian-German networks which make the reviews to links between both countries. The grossdeutsch idea, suggested by the idea of complementarity of the German and Austrian peoples, is brought out from the study of the image. A both thematic and chronological analysis sets limits to this idea, that includes the defence of cultural and linguistic germanity of the Austrian-Germans, but forbids all kind of interference and wants Austria to remain. This reviews allow however an archaeology of the notion of Anschluss as it appears in 1918. The regret of the political absence of Austria, the image, reveal that the reviews work for the comming together of Germany and Austria, before 1914. The First World War gives a new actuality to this concern, realised in the community oh interests of the allies. Our definition of sememes of the grossdeutsch idea throws several metamorphoses of it into relief, in particular in the form of favoured partnerships within more vast units. Despite the diversity of opinions caused by the opening of the reviews to different trends of thoughts, the idea of Mitteleuropa appears to be a common denominator and makes the authors to advocates of the modern idea of great unit.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 12:59:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:08:40 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01750966, version 1



Claire Thevenot. Présence et image de l'Autriche dans les revues libérales allemandes à l'époque de Guillaume II (1890-1918). Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 2003. Français. ⟨NNT : 2003NAN21021⟩. ⟨tel-01750966⟩



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