La capabilité de santé des aidants familiaux : analyses du paradigme et pistes d’opérationnalisation

Abstract : Home care of persons with a chronic disease is increasingly provided by family caregivers, but their lifestyle creates a risk to their health. Therefore, leading a research on their "health capability", in other words, on their ability to adopt a healthy lifestyle is of major scientific interest. The operationalization of this paradigm, developed by Ruger in 2010 to understand the factors of maintaining a state of optimal health, has been the heart of our research. Based on a quantitative data collection conducted in Luxembourg and Lorraine (France), a Health Capability of Family Caregivers instrument (HCFC-20 items) was developed and tested. It explores eight areas: physical health, psychological health, lifestyle value, sense of self-efficacy, family support, social capital, material conditions/sense of security, satisfaction with information and healthcare services. Additional qualitative surveys have completed the HCFC-20 with 77 items covering areas such as motivation, life skills and coping styles. This instrument allows to develop personalized diagnoses and to evaluate health-promoting programs. Our preliminary analyses have also indicated that the impacts of a chronic disease are experienced jointly in patient-caregiver dyads; and the value placed on the role of caregiver is encouraged by the support from professionals and a social network. In order to improve the health capability of caregivers, taking into account both their autonomy and their need for support is therefore required
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Barbara Bucki. La capabilité de santé des aidants familiaux : analyses du paradigme et pistes d’opérationnalisation. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0158⟩. ⟨tel-01751197⟩

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