Étude du comportement à l’impact de matériaux composites renforcés par tufting

Abstract : Economic and ecological contexts impose aircraft manufacturers to find short-term solutions to reduce fuel consumption. For years they have tended to replace metallic structural frames with state-of-the-art composite materials. Some parts such as aircraft engine inlets are however exposed to ice and bird impacts but are also affected by low-energy impacts that could happen during maintenance operations. Yet laminated composites have poor resistance to delamination, which is the main damage genera- ted during impact events. Delamination is known to reduce the post-impact integrity of a structure and is not easy to detect. It is thus necessary to find solutions to re- duce its propagation. The goal of this work is therefore to evaluate the ability of a z-reinforcement technique – the tufting – to contain delamination but also to increase impact resistance. This technique is based on textile sewing techniques. A new ballistic bench with associated sensors has been developed for this study. It allows to carry out impact tests at speeds up to 200 m.s-1 with a 250 g projectile. These tests were carried out for different tufting configurations applied to the same reference material. The tufting parameters were: the pitch, the thread section, the thread material and the areal tufting density. The impact velocities were 60, 80, 110 and 150 m.s-1. Absorbed energies were measured and compared for all configurations. They allowed to draw trends about the effects of tufting parameters on impact resistance. The perforated specimens were then inspected with an original technique allowing the observation of interlaminar delamination area for each interface. The effects of tufting on damage tolerance have therefore been highlighted. It has also revealed the existence of preferential propagation direction of delamination. These directions depend on the stacking sequence and on the fabric architecture. A propagation law for delamination has been developed as a function of the direction of the fiber directions of the adjacent plies. This law has at the end been implemented into a finite element analysis model
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Paul Deconinck. Étude du comportement à l’impact de matériaux composites renforcés par tufting. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0246⟩. ⟨tel-01751264⟩

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