Le rôle de la matérialité dans l’apprentissage de la lecture : aspects du curriculum enseigné, pratique enseignante et développement chez l’élève. Une étude de cas à l’école primaire française

Abstract : Our research consists of a longitudinal study in which one group of pupils in ordinary classroom situations has been followed from the top level of French pre-elementary school (5- to 6 year-old pupils) to the second level of French primary school (7- to 8 year-old pupils). For these three school grades, one of the main objectives in the curriculum is learning to read. We consider that pupils build their new reading skills, i.e. the skills characterizing their potential development, by relying on skills characterizing their actual development (Vygotski, 1934/1997). When learning to read, pupils yet have at their disposal semiotic abilities related to knowledge both of material objects and their uses, and of basic gestures and their meaning (Moro & Rodríguez, 2005), all of this we sum up under the term of materiality. Consequently, in our research, we make the hypothesis that the children’s basic abilities related to materiality constitute a resource in teaching-learning situations. We have chosen to carry out a case study. The data collected consist of videos of class sequences carried out four times a year for three years. These twelve videos are supplemented by two semistructured interviews with the teacher, one “self-confronting” interview in which the teacher is brought to discuss her actions and by the analysis of the ministry’s school curricula. Our analysis is both macrogenetic and microgenetic. For each teaching sequence, on the level of macrogenetic analysis, we have made up the synopsis from which we have selected significant episodes in terms of materiality. The significant episodes are composed of remarkable events the microgenetic analysis of which requires the use of tools such as materiality boards and photograms. Our study shows that materiality enables pupils to develop reading skills and that the forms that materiality takes on change according to the pupils’ acquisition progress and the aspects of reading (code and comprehension) still to be learned.
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Claire Taisson - Perdicakis. Le rôle de la matérialité dans l’apprentissage de la lecture : aspects du curriculum enseigné, pratique enseignante et développement chez l’élève. Une étude de cas à l’école primaire française. Education. Université de Lorraine, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LORR0348⟩. ⟨tel-01751319⟩

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