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Study of aeration influence on the design of succinic acid production process using Corynebacterium glutamicum 2262

Abstract : Succinic acid is a linear and bi-functional molecule that has several practical applications including food, chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Thanks to increased knowledge on metabolism and pathway regulation of industrially relevant organisms, to the development of performant genetic tools and process engineering, recombinants strains (Escherichia coli, Corynebacterium glutamicum etc.) have been reported to be able to produce up to 100 g.L-1 with interesting yields (> 1.5 mole per mole glucose). C. glutamicum is well known as one of the best industrial producers of numerous amino acids (glutamate, lysine etc.). However, recent studies of C. glutamicum revealed its capability to produce several organic acids (succinate, lactate, acetate, etc.). In this work, we have deleted the ldhA gene of C. glutamicum by using a plasmid vector pk19mobsacB[DELTA]ldhA. We demonstrated that the mutant and the wild type presented similar growth kinetics with maximal growth rate of about 0.7 h-1. We studied also the effects of oxygenation on C. glutamicum 2262 [DELTA]ldhA through cultures at different kLa and it appeared that lower kLa (<33 h-1) favored organic acids production wile higher favored bacterial growth. Furthermore, we designed a tri-phasic process with transition phase by regulation of dissolved oxygen concentration which resulted in the production of 327 mM of succinic acid with a yield of 0.94 mole per mole glucose. The application of the designed process to C. glutamicum 2262 wild type that normally produces lactate with a lactate to succinate production ratio up to 13.3 mol.mol-1, resulted in succinate concentration up to 793 mM (94 g.L-1) and 785 mM (71 g.L-1) of lactate. The succinate production yield was 1.1 mole per mole glucose and acetate production was negligible. These results underlined the importance of aerobic to anaerobic transition in succinate production processes of facultative aerobes and the necessity to engineer not only the microorganism but also the process. Finally, scale-down study have demonstrated the robustness of C. glutamicum against the oxygen gradients in bioreactor
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Abdoul Karim Kaboré. Study of aeration influence on the design of succinic acid production process using Corynebacterium glutamicum 2262. Food and Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0026⟩. ⟨tel-01751537⟩

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