Fenoglio and his names : an almost neorealistic onomastics.

Abstract : The aim of the doctoral thesis titled Fenoglio and his names. An almost neorealist onomastics concerns the full cataloguing and analysis of onomastic repertoire in Beppe Fenoglio’s novels. The Thesis propose to introduce a new interpretive trail on Fenoglio’s works because of the modernity of his texts. They tell the stories of people involved in the tragedy of war and reveal a daily resistance deeply imbued with a humanitas which lacks heroism. Thus the critical review of Beppe Fenoglio’s literature becomes a way of revisiting the core values inspired lately by the Resistance in today’s cultural context. The Fenoglio’s nominatio is also characterized by a large, varied amount of names constituting a real world that lends itself to a study such as this one, considering that any onomastic reference is motivated by the author’s willing to experiment and to enrich the diegetic profile of his works. In Chapter 2.0 Names, biography and numbers the author is presented by reviewing the names of people he met during the most salient moments of his life which can be found in any biography. Then the onomastic profile of his texts are examined through a statistical study. In Chapter 3.0 Names, language and people, the focus turns to the historical, sociological and anthropological linguistic implications of the name proposed by his formal plan. All specific uses of onomastic elements are analysed, which will help to linguistically frame Fenoglio’s works in the social context of his time. Information is provided, such as the origin and diffusion of anthroponyms, as well as the use of names according to their geographical origin. In this chapter, the largest onomastic elements are dealt with, so characteristic of these texts, to discover the names of war. Namely anthroponyms (sometimes nicknames, sometimes pseudonyms) in which every resistant was identified within the world of the partisans. Finally, the previously mentioned names are compared with real partisans’ names, to understand which group contains all the biographical data of those who fought in the Langhe. The chapter ends with an analytical section from Il partigiano Johnny, in which the text is subject of a quantitative linguistic study about the use of foreign languages in Italian prose. This approachis used once more by applying it to onomastics and comparing it to our general analysis to understand whether there are common rules on how loans work at various levels of language. Section 4.0 Names, variants and editions is a chapter of study, that is to say, a philological analysis of onomastic variants found in different editions of Fenoglio’s works. It is divided into four parts: three of these parts relate different types of texts. After an introduction on the results of the comparison of novels, to the section continues onto the analysis of texts in which the saga of Johnny is told, considering their uncertain preparatory essays (these include Primavera di bellezza and Il partigiano Johnny). These preparatory texts, according to Fenoglio’s initial draft, should have been a unique work about the life of this character: his teens until the decision to go underground. In a second step, the same analysis as that applied in the previous section is operated, while dealing with novels that talk about Milton (Una questione privata and L’imboscata) and their drafts. The final section is devoted to a comparative analysis relating this time to rural novels. Section 5.0 Names, characters and themes introduces a study of the use of the onomastic element as a source of creative process. The fundamental role of onomastics in Fenoglio’s prose in the first sub-chapter is also emphasized. In this part all the names from the quoted sources (novels, writers, movies, songs etc.) is considered to the extent that they could likely inspire the author’s creation. However, the use of names is not only important within the above works. Rather, it is vital for all diegetic dynamics of a text where the name plays a key role. In successive sub-chapters the functions of brand names is analysed, updating how Fenoglio, through the names of weapons or cigarettes, splits the world into two main fractions: fascists and antifascists. The study continues by analysing, in the light of onomastic elements, the various ways to separate the human groups described by the author. Finally, a comparative study of two onomastic universes: male and female, is proposed
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/DDOC_T_2014_0289_VITALI_vol1.pdf
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Giovanni Pietro Vitali. Fenoglio and his names : an almost neorealistic onomastics.. Literature. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Italian. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0289⟩. ⟨tel-01751641⟩

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