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Le maintien de la paix en Afrique par l'O.N.U. et l'Union africaine

Abstract : Maintaining international peace and security is the primary purpose of the Charter of the United Nations after the Second World War. By Article 2 § 4, the Charter states "the principle of non-threat and non-use of force" and thus aims to put a definitive end to armed conflicts. However, the African continent seems not to max out and illustrates not only by a very large number of armed conflicts but also by the ongoing efforts of the United Nations to keep the peace. These efforts are supported regionally by the African Union, a regional organization established by African States in 2002 to replace the Organization of African Unity. The persistence of armed conflicts on the continent, however, leads to question the effectiveness of peacekeeping in Africa by the United Nations and the African Union, as well as the mechanisms established by both organizations to achieve with such effectiveness. Consideration of this issue is discussed considering the two major characteristics of peacekeeping, namely the institutional aspect and the material aspect of peacekeeping, considered one and the other in terms of their effectiveness. For the institutional aspect, the study focuses on the organs actually created by the UN and the African Union for peacekeeping in Africa, the cooperation between these organs, as well as the support provided by the UN for the capacity-building of the African Union. For the material aspect, it is the specific terms of implementations of peacekeeping that are raised here. This requires a review of the effectiveness of the peacekeeping operations.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:25:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01751711, version 1


Gabriel Amvane. Le maintien de la paix en Afrique par l'O.N.U. et l'Union africaine. Droit. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0313⟩. ⟨tel-01751711⟩



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