Contribution à la mesure de bioimpédance électrique de cellules biologiques par micro-capteurs interdigités : optimisation, conception et validation de capteurs

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the design and realization of interdigitated sensors for the electrical characterization of the biological medium within the frequency range: 100 kHz - 10 MHz. The main objective of this thesis is to optimize the geometry of the sensor structure according to the specificities of the interdigitated electrodes structure. This optimization leads to widen the measurement frequency range by reducing the effects of polarization at low frequency. The first chapter synthesizes the basics and fundamentals relative to the electric behavior of biological tissues as well as to their electric properties. The second chapter concerns a theoretical approach for the optimization of the sensor to widen the useful frequency band of measurement; this chapter also presents a new method to determine the parameters of the double layer at the contact interface between the electrodes and the biological medium. A three-dimensional modelling of the system, the electrodes being loaded with a biological medium, is implemented using ConventorWare® software and the results discussed in the third chapter. The results obtained allow us to evaluate the influence of the geometrical parameters of the interdigitated structure of the sensor as well as the dielectric properties of the medium on the bioelectric impedance. In the fourth chapter, the devices developed during this thesis are described. The design and the manufacturing of components are presented. The last chapter deals with the experimental measurements obtained with very small volumes of the different solutions (standard solutions, human blood) using five micro sensors that we built in the laboratory. The measurements as well as the validation of the theoretical approach are discussed. Finally we have compared our results with published values in the literature and validated our experimental and theoretical approaches developed in this work.
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Thanh Tuan Ngo. Contribution à la mesure de bioimpédance électrique de cellules biologiques par micro-capteurs interdigités : optimisation, conception et validation de capteurs. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0077⟩. ⟨tel-01751727⟩

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