Dynamic observers and control design, application to large-scale systems

Abstract : The present thesis is the result of research conducted in Longwy, within the department Control, Identification, Diagnosis (CID) of Research Center for Automatic Control of Nancy (CRAN). This thesis investigates the problem of dynamic observer (full- and reduced-order) and observer-based control design and their applications to large-scale systems. Firstly, a new form of H-infinity dynamic observer is designed for linear systems in the presence of unknown inputs and disturbances. The proposed observer generalizes the existing results on proportional observer and proportional integral observer. The observer design is based on the solution of linear matrix inequalities (LMI). Both continuous-time and discrete-time systems are considered. Thereafter, by inserting the proposed observer into a closed-loop, an observer-based control is presented for uncertain systems in the presence of disturbances. Based on the parameterization of algebraic constraints obtained from the analysis of the estimation error, the control design is derived from the solution of bilinear matrix inequality, by using a two-steps algorithm. Finally, the obtained results have been extended to large-scale systems. A decentralized observer-based control is proposed for large-scale uncertain systems in the presence of disturbances. These systems are composed of several interconnected subsystems of low dimensions, where the interconnections are assumed to be nonlinear and satisfy quadratic constraints
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Nan Gao. Dynamic observers and control design, application to large-scale systems. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0081⟩. ⟨tel-01751754⟩

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