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Cesare Lombroso e la letteratura

Abstract : In Europe in the second half of the XIXth century, the wish to apprehend the human body and its multiple aspects, be it healthy or sick, became almost an obsession. With Positivism at its height, the perception and reading of the body required the use of a scientific approach – the experimental method – as a guarantee of accuracy and seriousness. This trend emerged at the very moment when madness (and its wide phenomenological spectrum of neurosis, hysterias and epilepsies) becomes a XIXth century emblem, and is perceived as a typical disease of the modern society. The already strong interest for the discourse on human mind thus intensifies and spreads out of the field of the theoretical systems of medical sciences to invest the world of artists, writers and their productions. As products of this intellectual background, the figure and the works of Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909) stand out and impose their presence. The purpose of this study is to highlight the influence and impact of medical sciences and of Cesare Lombroso’s theories on the XIXth century Italian literature and, conversely, the role and the function of literature on medical sciences. More particularly, this study focuses on the ‘commingling’ operating between sciences and literature, but also on the cognitive and epistemological functions arising from these close links that almost lead to osmosis, even though the two spheres seem distant from each other: sciences, through Cesare Lombroso on the one hand, and literature, through Carlo Dossi (1849-1910) and other writers of the same period on the other hand. The aim of this study is also to wonder whether, through this exchange of ideas and skills, science and literature feed each other or are finally limited to satellites roles.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:26:47 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 2, 2020 - 2:55:28 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01751789, version 1



Giuseppe Bardascino. Cesare Lombroso e la letteratura. Literature. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Italian. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0347⟩. ⟨tel-01751789⟩



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