Electrochemical modification of the liquid – liquid interface with mesoporous silica

Abstract : This work combines the electrochemistry at the interface between two immiscible electrolyte solutions (ITIES) with the Sol – Gel process of silica leading to an interfacial modification with mesoporous silica using soft template. In the first part of this work the macroscopic liquid – liquid interface was employed to separate the aqueous solution of the hydrolyzed silica precursor species (tetraethoxysilane (TEOS)) from the cationic surfactant (cethyltrimethylammonium (CTA+)) dissolved in the dichloroethane. The silica material deposition was controlled by the electrochemical CTA+ transfer from the organic to the aqueous phase. Template transferred to the aqueous phase catalyzed the condensation reaction and self-assembly resulting in silica deposition at the interface. Silica deposition at the miniaturized ITIES (membranes supporting array of micrometer in diameter pores were used in this regard) was the second part of this work. Silica interfacial synthesis performed in situ resulted in stable deposits growing on the aqueous side of the interface. Mechanical stability of the supported silica deposits allowed further processing – silica material was cured. Based on imaginary techniques (e.g. SEM) it was found that deposits forms hemispheres for longer experimental time scales. Interfacial reaction was also followed with in situ confocal Raman spectroscopy. Molecular characteristics of the interface were changed dramatically once CTA+ species were transferred to the aqueous phase. Array of microITIES modified with silica was also assessed by ion transfer voltammetry
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  • HAL Id : tel-01751800, version 1

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Lukasz Poltorak. Electrochemical modification of the liquid – liquid interface with mesoporous silica. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0105⟩. ⟨tel-01751800⟩

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