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Crystallization of dipolar particles in two dimensions

Abstract : This thesis deals with two-dimensional crystallization of dipolar particles. The first part of the manuscript treats one component systems. There, the idea of using excited dry granular media as substitutes of wet colloidal suspensions is exploited to tackle the problem of crystallization. Athermal two-dimensional granular systems are exposed to external mechanical noise leading to Brownian-like motion. Using tunable repulsive interparticle interaction via an external imposed magnetic field, it is shown that the same microstructure as that observed in colloidal suspensions can be quantitatively recovered at a macroscopic scale. To that end, experiments on granular (realized by the GRASP group in Liège) and colloidal systems made up of magnetized particles as well as computer simulations are performed and compared. Excellent agreement throughout the range of the dipolar coupling is found for the pair distribution as well as the bond-orientational correlation functions. This finding opens new ways to efficiently and very conveniently explore phase transitions, crystallization, nucleation, etc in confined geometries. The second part of this thesis addresses two component systems. Binary mixtures made up of particles carrying similar dipole moments are investigated. Using Monte Carlo simulations, a detailed structural analysis based on partial pair distribution functions and microstructure snapshots is presented for high dipolar coupling. At equimolar composition, the relevance of the coexistence of triangular superlattices with stoichiometry AB2 and A2B is revealed, with A(B) standing for the large(small) dipole moments. This finding is in excellent qualitative agreement with the zero temperature theoretical predictions
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Sara Al Jawhari. Crystallization of dipolar particles in two dimensions. Other [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0120⟩. ⟨tel-01751826⟩

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