Précipitation des nitrures d’aluminium (AlN) dans un acier maraging à très faible teneur en azote : influence de la déformation plastique à chaud

Abstract : The mechanical properties of the conventional maraging steels are controlled by the choice of chemical composition and appropriate heat treatment parameters; the latter leading to martensitic microstructure and precipitation hardening phases (carbides and intermetallics). In the last decade, this steel family, that mechanical properties are in steady progress, has enabled the development of a new grade of steel, namely: the ML340TM. The performance of the ML340TM is scheduled to meet applications in the aeronautic domain. Despite a strictly controlled chemical composition, requiring very low nitrogen content, aluminium nitride (AlN) can precipitate with particle size up to few tens of microns. The precipitation of these nitrides could be at the origin of micro-cracks formation, which is responsible of the fatigue properties degradation. Improvement of the fatigue property is undoubtedly related to a drastic reduction of the nitrides size. During this study, it was found that the parameters of thermal and thermo-mechanical treatments might have an influence on microstructural features of aluminium nitrides: mass fraction, surface density, size and spatial distribution. This task was made possible thanks to the introduction of an automated method coupling the image analysis to the chemical composition. This unusual method allows discriminating, by size and by chemistry, aluminium nitrides from the other particles (carbides inclusion, etc.). The role of some of the heat treatment parameters (cooling rate, time and isothermal holding temperature, intermediate and direct quenching) on the microstructural features of aluminium nitrides has been clearly identified. Furthermore, hot plastic deformation, in the austenitic range, has a highlighted effect on the microstructure features of the aluminium nitrides. Ultimately, in this study, we have revealed that getting a submicron aluminium nitride precipitation is subjected to a controlled combination of thermal and thermo-mechanical parameters
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Guillaume Jeanmaire. Précipitation des nitrures d’aluminium (AlN) dans un acier maraging à très faible teneur en azote : influence de la déformation plastique à chaud. Autre. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0162⟩. ⟨tel-01752058⟩

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