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Contributions à l’étude de machines multi-enroulements pour l’aéronautique : machine synchrone à aimants permanents pour la tolérance aux défauts : machine asynchrone pour la traction

Abstract : The more electrical aircraft project aims at replacing most of current power generation sources by electrical ones. Consequently this replacement might generate a significant decrease of the fuel consumption. Through this thesis we determine two electrical solutions allowing on the one hand the increase of disponibility level of the actuators and on the other handthe aircraft taxiing by electrical means. We firstly focused on electrical actuators that require electrical redundancy. A first mean to achieve this redundancy is to use two actuators. Nevertheless this solution is not relevant under the reliability constraint because the global failure rate is increased. A double star permanent magnet synchronous motor with concentrated winding is proposed in which a special care was taken to the short circuit current limitation and the magnetic decoupling between the two star winding. We established a semi-analytic model for this kind of motors to predict the amplitude of the resultant of the radial forces acting on the rotor of the machine when operating under normal and faulty operation. We established the model of the machine in order to determine the command strategy. We experimentally validated all of the design principles mentioned above through a prototype designed in the laboratory and built by one of the SAFRAN group company. We secondly investigated on the way to apply the multi winding principles to a brand new project linked to the aircraft taxiing called “green taxiing”. The goal is to obtain a motor topology that allows operating on a wide speed range thanks to the command strategy and the change of its torque coefficient. We established the model of the machine and we compared the results given by this ingenious model to the results given by a finite element resolution using a transient magnetic application
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01752059
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Nicolas Velly. Contributions à l’étude de machines multi-enroulements pour l’aéronautique : machine synchrone à aimants permanents pour la tolérance aux défauts : machine asynchrone pour la traction. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL022N⟩. ⟨tel-01752059⟩

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