Élaboration de nano- et microparticules pour l'encapsulation et la libération de molécules polyphénoliques ayant des applications dans le traitement de milieux aquatiques

Abstract : Polysaccharide-covered polyester particles were prepared. The core of particles was made of polylactic acid (PLA) while their surface was covered by dextran chains via the use of water-soluble randomly hydrophobized dextran (DexC6) as a polymeric stabilizer. Polyphenolic active substances were encapsulated inside those particles. Polyphenol loaded PLA particles were designed for preventing cyanobacterias and algae proliferation in aquatic media. Conventional batch processes (nanoprecipitation or emulsion-solvent evaporation) and continuous processes (emulsion-solvent diffusion in microfluidics) were used to elaborate particles with average diameters ranging between 0.1 µm and 1 mm. The scale up of nanoprecipitation from lab scale (25 mL) to pilot scale (1 L) was also studied. The formulation parameters (PLA concentration in the organic phase, DexC6 concentration in the aqueous phase, aqueous phase to organic phase volume ratio, active substance weight fraction…) were optimized in order to obtain particles with well controlled characteristics (average diameter and size distribution, colloidal stability, encapsulation efficiency …). Loaded particles elaborated by different processes were characterized with regards to DexC6 surface coverage, colloidal stability at various ionic strengths, morphology and encapsulation efficiency. We also investigated the re-dispersion ability of particle suspensions after freeze drying and we showed that the use of a cryoprotectant was required in case of nanoparticles. The release of polyphenolic molecules from the elaborated polymeric nano- and microparticles was studied and limiting steps were identified. Finally, the cytotoxicity of nanoparticles toward cyanobacterias was evaluated. It was demonstrated that anti-algal effects were observed depending on the added quantities.
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Asma Chebil. Élaboration de nano- et microparticules pour l'encapsulation et la libération de molécules polyphénoliques ayant des applications dans le traitement de milieux aquatiques. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0054⟩. ⟨tel-01752245⟩

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