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Theses

Comparaison culturelle des traits de personnalité, événements de vie, stratégies de coping et soutien social entre les adolescents et jeunes adultes suicidants (15-35 ans) en France et au Vietnam

Abstract : The objective of this research was to determine whether french suicide attempters differ from vietnamese suicide attempters on personality traits, life events, coping strategies, and social support ; this would suggest that there are universal factors leading to a suicide attempt. The aim of this study was also to determine whether french and vietnamese controls differ on personality traits, life events, coping strategies and social support ; this would indicate whether some factors are specific to each culture. Twenty-two vietnamese suicide attempters, 22 vietnamese controls, 28 french suicide attempters and 28 french controls, all free of psychiatric disease, were studied. All groups were matched on age, sex, and education. The following tests were administered : the MMPI-2 (ECPA, 1996), a questionnaire of life events (adapted for adults from one developed by Diwo, 1999), the Brief Cope by Carver (french version by Muller & Spitz, 2003), and the social support questionnaire by Sarason et al. (french version by Bruchon-Schweitzer et al., 1997). The results showed that french and vietnamese suicide attempters have specific personality traits, caracterized by paranoïd, schizophrenic, and psychastenic traits. French and vietnamese controls share common personality traits, independent of their culture. French and vietnamese suicide attempters do not share any life events. French suicide attempters had more family problems, whereas vietnamese suicide attempters had more individual and work-related problems. All suicide attempters lived more negative life events and these were perceived as more stressful. Both french and vietnamese suicide attempters have a coping strategy less based on acceptance than their controls. French suicide attempters also had coping strategies more centered on denial and substance use than their controls. Vietnamese suicide attempters had a coping strategy more centered on religion than french suicide attempters, who in turn had coping strategies more centered on blame and substance use than their vietnamese counterparts. French controls expressed more their feelings, and had a coping strategy more centered on blame, and less on religion, relative to vietnamese controls. French suicide attempters had a smaller social network, but were as satisfied as controls from the support obtained. Vietnamese suicide attempters had equivalent social networks compared to their controls, but were more satisfied than controls about the social support obtained. In conclusion, these results suggest that there are specific personality traits that characterize suicide attempters in at least two cultures. These traits are necessary, but not sufficient for a suicide attempt. This research shows that other contextual factors are necessary for a suicide attempt, and that these factors are culture-dependent
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/UPVM_T_2011_PHAM_Thu_Tram.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01752281
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:40:23 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 11:03:51 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01752281, version 1

Citation

Thu-Tram Pham. Comparaison culturelle des traits de personnalité, événements de vie, stratégies de coping et soutien social entre les adolescents et jeunes adultes suicidants (15-35 ans) en France et au Vietnam. Psychologie. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011METZ020L⟩. ⟨tel-01752281⟩

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