Caractérisation structurale et fonctionnelle d’une nouvelle interaction entre les protéines RPAP3 et TRBP

Abstract : Recently, several studies have described a possible link between snoRNA and microRNA maturation, two ncRNA families involved in the maturation of other RNAs, such as rRNA, and in the regulation of gene expression, respectively. Indeed, these studies have shown that some microRNAs could be maturated from a snoRNA precursor, forming a new class of ncRNAs, the sdRNAs (snoRNA-derived RNAs). The mechanism of sdRNA maturation are still poorly understood. Therefore, we have performed a two-hybrid screen in the yeast S. cerevisiae between different proteins involved in microRNAs and snoRNAs biogenesis. Interestingly, we observed a novel interaction between TRBP, involved in the maturation of microRNAs, and RPAP3, a member of the hR2TP complex. The observation of this interaction raises several questions, such as its possible involvement in the maturation of microRNAs from snoARN precursors, or on the possible involvement of TRBP or RPAP3 in snoRNP or microRNA biogenesis, respectively. Using various molecular biology and biochemical approaches, we undertook the functional and structural characterization of the TRBP/RPAP3 interaction. First, we confirmed the interaction both in vitro and in vivo and we identified the TRBP and RPAP3 domains involved in the interaction, as well as several interesting mutations in the binding interface. Using these mutants should allow us to study the effects of this mutations on the maturation of differents ncRNAs. Additionally, we showed that the interaction between TRBP and RPAP3 and between TRBP and the RNase Dicer were mutually exclusive. Interestingly, it was shown that in the absence of TRBP, Dicer processig resulted, in some cases, in the generation of microRNAs with different ends, and thus, with altered specificity(iso-miRs). The interaction between TRBP and RPAP3 could therefore also constitute a possible way to regulate the availability of TRBP, and eventually the activity of Dicer
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Yoann Abel. Caractérisation structurale et fonctionnelle d’une nouvelle interaction entre les protéines RPAP3 et TRBP. Biologie structurale [q-bio.BM]. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0285⟩. ⟨tel-01752415⟩

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