Ma'ohi tumu et hutu painu : la construction identitaire dans la littérature contemporaine de Polynésie française

Abstract : First referred to as ?Indians? by those who ?discovered? them, then as ?the People of the Bible? by the missionaries who taught them how to read and write and at last as ?savages? by exotic writers, Polynesians finally decided to assert their identity as the C.E.P. (nuclear testing center) was set up by France and as tests started in Moruroa in1966. They began to think of themselves as Ma?ohi tumu, that is to say natives solidly rooted in the ground of their islands. In order to resist aggression, they proclaimed an old identity which enabled them to revive traditions as well as a past which they had forgotten about. The first Polynesian writers naturally joined in this identity revival and celebrated, along with other activists, oral tradition together with the land of their ancestors. Women, who up to then had not really been entitled to make their voices heard, found a way to do so through writing. Literature, mainly female, gradually challenged an identity model which foregrounded male values. Nowadays, female writers are taking part into the making of a Polynesian identity which takes individuals into account and is opening up to the Other.
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Jean-Luc Picard. Ma'ohi tumu et hutu painu : la construction identitaire dans la littérature contemporaine de Polynésie française. Littératures. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008METZ017L⟩. ⟨tel-01752582⟩

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