Etude du comportement mécanique et des évolutions microstructurales de l'acier austénitique Fe-22Mn-0.6C à effet TWIP sous sollicitations complexes : approche expérimentale et modélisation

Abstract : The TWIP steel (Twinning Induced Plasticity) Fe-22Mn-0.6C exhibits outstanding mechanical properties combining a good ductility and a high mechanical resistance thanks to the activation of dislocation glide and mechanical twinning. As the volume fraction of twins increases with the deformation, the mean free path of the dislocations is reduced (dynamical Hall-Petch effect). The goal of this study was to supply a much more precise analysis and understanding of the mechanical behavior of this TWIP steel during different mechanical loadings. We studied the mechanical behavior during different mechanical loadings (tension, simple and reverse shear, strain path changes), and more precisely the strain hardening evolution in relation to the microstructure and texture evolutions analyzed by X-ray diffraction, FEG SEM EBSD and TEM. By combining data obtained by EBSD and X-rays diffraction, we propose an approach that allows us to evaluate the twin volume fraction. The examination of the mechanical and microstructural observations allowed us to show that the different stages of hardening are linked to particular characteristics of the microstructure and texture, the interaction between dislocations and twins leading to an increase of the hardening. The hardening is maintained at a high level by the activation of two twin systems and by the texture evolution. The latter sustains this mode of deformation in the polycrystal. We also observed that the occurrence of the different stages of hardening and of the effect TWIP varies according to the type of solicitation imposed. The analysis of the mechanical behavior during reverse shear tests showed that the steel exhibits a strong Bauschinger effect related to the dynamic Hall-Petch effect. The dislocation piles-up at grain and twin boundaries create local stress fields that influence the mechanical behavior during the reverse deformation. Finally, these experimental results allowed us to check the predictive capacities (mechanical behavior, twin kinetics, texture) of an elasto-viscoplastic micromechanical model incorporating the TWIP effect. The simulations of monotonous deformation are in good agreement with experimental results. To improve prediction of the reverse shear tests and strain path changes, additional developments are suggested
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David Barbier. Etude du comportement mécanique et des évolutions microstructurales de l'acier austénitique Fe-22Mn-0.6C à effet TWIP sous sollicitations complexes : approche expérimentale et modélisation. Autre. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009METZ004S⟩. ⟨tel-01752619⟩

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