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L'amélioration des pratiques de veille en entreprise : approches analytiques et expertes de l'intervention

Abstract : This thesis questions the effectiveness of interventions for the improvement and acceptance of technological devices, our study being more specifically centred on monitoring systems. The development of technological monitoring encounters resistance from human beings related to the acceptance of technology. We carried out interventions responding to this statement and to the need to measure its effectiveness. On a theoretical level, our work sought out the articulation between the contributions of ergonomics, psychology and the acceptance of technology in the favouring of monitoring behaviours. Moreover the latter depend on the factors ?easy perception?, ?easy use? but also on the ergonomical process of improving the system. The psychosocial processes of engagement are the other variables that influence acceptance in general. Our methodology, based on three field studies, sought to identify the values of the management, to analyse the monitoring practices of three companies but also the factors of success in technological acceptance. In order to validate our model of the acceptance of technological monitoring, we carried out two interventions in the world of enterprise. Besides producing or improving a monitoring behaviour, above all we wanted to test the effectiveness of various steps (ergonomics, psychosocial, concurrent psychoergonomics) regarding a given monitoring behaviour. Our results suggest that the method of intervention based on the consideration of ergonomical factors proves to be the most efficient. We then discuss the effects in terms of satisfaction and participation of the users, of adjusting the devices and of efficiency. Furthermore, key variables such as the usability and the psychosocial modes of engagement were found to be less successful but are to be considered in the increase in monitoring behaviours in the world of enterprise
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Slimane Bourai. L'amélioration des pratiques de veille en entreprise : approches analytiques et expertes de l'intervention. Psychologie. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009METZ012L⟩. ⟨tel-01752625⟩



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