Approche globale à deux paramètres (K[rhô]-T[rhô]) : estimation des contraintes de confinements dans des structures portant des entailles

Abstract : The importance of the two-parameter approach in linear eleastic fracture mechanics analysis is increasingly being recognized for fracture assessments in engineering applications. The consideration of the second parameter, namely, the elastic T-stress, allows estimating the level of constraint at a crack or notch tip. It is important to provide T-stress solutions for practical geometries in order to employ the constraint-based fracture mechanics methodology. In the present research, T-stress solutions are provided for a U-shaped notch in the case of four specimens : CT, DCB, SENT and Romain Tile. The U-shaped notch is analyzed using the finite element method by the commercial Castem 2000 software to determine the stress distribution ahead of the notch tip. The notch aspect ratio was varied : a/w = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6 and 0.7. The notch-tip radius was fixed for all geometries and equal 0.25 mm. In contrast to a crack, it was found that the T-stress is not constant and depends on distance from the notch-tip. To estimate the T-stress in the case of a notch, a novel method, namely, method of line, inspired from the volumetric effective distance ahead of the notch tip. The effective distance corresponds to the point with a minimum of the stress gradient in the fracture process zone. Thus, the two-parameter approach was adopted for the notch two-parameter fracture mechanics in terms of the notch stress intensity factor Kpc and the effective (average) T-stress, Teff. Fracture toughness transferability curve (Kpc-Teff) of X52 pipe steels has been established. This approach was successfully used to quantify the constraints of notch-tip fields for various geometries and loading conditions. Moreoveer, the proposed T-stress estimation creates a basis to analyse the crack path under mixed mode loading from viewpoint of the two-parameter fracture mechanics
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Mohammed Hadj Meliani. Approche globale à deux paramètres (K[rhô]-T[rhô]) : estimation des contraintes de confinements dans des structures portant des entailles. Autre. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009METZ020S⟩. ⟨tel-01752641⟩

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