Etude numérique des phénomènes de contact en usinage

Abstract : This doctoral thesis is focused on the study of the process of machining by means of the numerical tool for calculation by Finite Element Method (FEM). Concretely, it is a question of studying the thermomechanical phenomena which take place, during an operation of material removal, at the interface and that control the type of contact between the tool and the chip. for that, a numerical model of orthogonal cutting under the ALE formulation (Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian) was developed with the code Abaqus/Explicit. Several parametric studies were carried out to uncouple the effects of the local variables, on the macroscopic results (forces...), as in the interface (temperature...). The numerical results show that in fact the combined effects of the type of the implemented friction model at the interface, both with the thermal softening of the material, condition the appearence of the sticking contact, and consequently, govern the tool/chip contact type. Two new models of variable friction with to velocity are proposed, to improve the definition of friction in the interface. Finally, the validity of the numerical model is checked by observing a good correlation between the obtained numerical forces, and the experimental cutting forces obtained for same material and under the same cutting conditions
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Rachid Cheriguene. Etude numérique des phénomènes de contact en usinage. Autre. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009METZ041S⟩. ⟨tel-01752665⟩

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