Contribution au modèle d'acculturation interactif : encourager l'individualisme pour lutter contre les discriminations

Abstract : Intergroup contacts in general, and intercultural relationships in particular, rarely take place without conflicts. The Interactive Acculturation Model (Bourhis, Moïses, Perreault & Senecal, 1997) is at the crossroads between the psychology of acculturation and social psychology. Indeed, the question of intergroup relations between majority and minority members is completely integrated in the IAM. That is why we focused on acculturation orientations the model describes to show, through three studies, which one predisposes the majority group to express discriminating behaviours versus non discriminating behaviours towards the members of a cultural, ethnic or racial out-group. We called these intentions "propensity to discriminate". People who favour the homogeneity of groups (assimilation, segregation and exclusion) generally tend to be more discriminating than those who accept or approve of situations of cultural heterogeneity (integration of transformation, integration, individualism). Nevertheless, we observed an exception in the case of integrationist orientation. Integrationists massively reject explicitly hostile discrimination but tend to show "benevolent discrimination" (Fehr & Sassenberg, 2009). Studies 2 and 3 took place in a context of test/re-test, wich allowed us to measure the evolution of attitudes and the propensity to discriminate of insertion professionals, students and future state employees. The evolution was measured after several trainings which aimed at warning and fighting against discriminations. The "benevolent" discriminating behaviour intentions were particulary subject to evolution. All these results are in favour of implementing trainings on the decategorization process (Brewer and Miller, on 1984) which would consequently encourage individualism in certain circumstances, notably professional and/or organisational. The results might be enlarged studying the impact of the assimilationists policies on the efficiency of the state plans against discriminations.
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Anne-Lorraine Wagner. Contribution au modèle d'acculturation interactif : encourager l'individualisme pour lutter contre les discriminations. Psychologie. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010METZ006L⟩. ⟨tel-01752672⟩

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