L'impact de la délocalisation du luxe sur les attitudes des consommateurs : le cas des maisons françaises de luxe

Abstract : The relocation of the luxury sector is, even nowadays, still difficult to comprehend. On one hand, this complexity is due to the concept of luxury which is not easy to define, and on the other hand, it is due to the topic's sensitivity which is still taboo in the luxury sector. Yet there have been several cases of luxury relocations. Considering the imaginative world represented by luxury brands, we should look at the impact of relocation on consumers, notably their attitudes towards the product and the brand. This thesis is a first research study on the question of relocating French luxury brands. It uses both the theories about luxury and brands as areas of application, and the literature on the Country-of-Origin Effect as a theoretical framework. Our research studies the effect of relocation on consumers' attitudes towards the relocated product and luxury brand. The moderating influence of two new variables has been taken into account, i.e. the centrality of the country of origin at the heart of the brand image and consumers' attitudes towards luxury relocation. In terms of methodology, two qualitative surveys were carried out: one on consumers (17), the other on luxury professionals (34). These were followed by a quantitative survey using a sample of 555 consumers. The survey was carried out in two parts, based on a complete factorial design. Our research therefore brings out the negative impact of luxury relocation upon attitudes to the relocated product and brand. This effect is even more noticeable in the case of production relocation in comparison with design one or when the French origin is abandoned for an unacceptable country of manufacture. In this case, the effect is felt more on the perceived quality than the two other attitudinal variables. The impact of the moderating variables comes out as a limited one.
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Maxime Koromyslov. L'impact de la délocalisation du luxe sur les attitudes des consommateurs : le cas des maisons françaises de luxe. Gestion et management. Université Nancy 2, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN22002⟩. ⟨tel-01752712⟩

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