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Libéralisation commerciale et échanges internationaux : le cas de l'agriculture en Tunisie

Abstract : The thesis deals with the impact of trade liberalization in a developing country : Tunisia. The issue is as follows : is agricultural liberalization contributing to economic growth in Tunisia or is liberalization having such detrimental consequences, in particular given the stabilisation measures concerning Tunisia, which makes it impossible ? The liberalization of agricultural trade does not exclusively encompass the elimination of tariff or quantitative barriers regulated by the International Agreements. The multitude of trade barriers makes it difficult to aggregate and tally them. For the purposes of this thesis, we have used year 1994 as the temporal benchmark to compare Tunisian trade before and after the signing of the Marrakech Agreement. The method to carry out a totally longitudinal analysis and to use a temporal benchmark was not previously used when dealing with agricultural liberalization in Tunisia. Our results show that liberalization is in general favourable to economic growth and to the Tunisian trade. However, trade and growth are only partially explained in this longitudinal analysis. As a consequence, liberalization has a limited impact on the Tunisian trade and on the GDP. This analysis of partial equilibrium is completed by a computable general equilibrium model, which contains no Cobb-Douglas function or CES-CET elasticity. Against all odds, it shows that agricultural liberalization is compatible with the wish to limit the budget deficit in Tunisia. Liberalization can even improve economic growth, but also entails the risk of reduction in wages.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:55:26 PM
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Sabine Wilhelm. Libéralisation commerciale et échanges internationaux : le cas de l'agriculture en Tunisie. Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN20013⟩. ⟨tel-01752720⟩



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