La reconnaissance socio-professionnelle des agents de développement local en milieu rural

Abstract : Born in the sixties in order to counter balance the drift of the population from the countryside to the cities, many various policies aiming at the development of local rural areas were implemented. They came as a logical necessity stemming from diverse specialized sectors (economic, social, cultural?) to organize the realisation of global projects in order to boost a certain rural area and help its being more dynamic. The people involved in the development of local rural areas have received an always greater consideration from the government (public sector) especially since the first laws of decentralization (1982), it is when this sector considerably started to structure itself. These structures brought the need of recruiting specialized trained professionals in order to work side by side with the local elected people. The more varied the policies and needs for local and rural development were, the more diverse and heterogeneous the people working at it became. These people are professionals called ?agents in charge of the local development?. Their mission consists in implementing and organizing different projects in local rural areas. They are at the heart of the project, being in charge of bringing together the professionals from various sectors, structuring their actions in order to safeguard the general interest of the outcome of these actions. These agents have various backgrounds ; but they are usually hired according to their personal, human qualities rather than to a special training they might have. It goes without saying that these ?agents? do not receive the professional consideration their work deserves (status, low incomes, diverse titles for the job, undefined training, unclear missions..) It is therefore interesting to wonder if it would be possible to give such a diverse work a real status. Should this status encompass these various missions and allow the creation of a specific trained profession as ?agent in charge of local development?, or should it respect the diversity in the professional background or training of each agent according to the specific needs of each mission or project ?
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Axel Othelet. La reconnaissance socio-professionnelle des agents de développement local en milieu rural. Sociologie. Université Nancy 2, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN21009⟩. ⟨tel-01752724⟩

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