Corporations et pouvoirs publics au XVIIIème siècle à Nancy : étude institutionnelle et contentieuse

Abstract : Guilds establish the privileged mode of work organization which dominates the late Middle Ages and the Ancien Régime. They are abolished during the Revolution by the Allarde?s decree of the March 2-17th, 1791 and the Le Chapelier?s law of June 14th, 1791. Even today for the public opinion, Guilds symbolize conservatism, monopolistic activities and restraining practice of trade. The development of workers association practicing the same business or related ones, is strictly connected to the urban emancipation which affects the kingdom of France since XIIth century, the Trois-Évêchés in XIIIth century and duchies of Lorraine and Bar near the middle of XIVth century. Because of the longevity of corporate bodies, we have chosen to study the XVIIIth century, which is a period of disruptions for Lorraine. A turning point starts with the return of duke Leopold in his duchies of Lorraine and Bar after the signature of the treaty of Ryswick in October, 1697 with Louis the XIVth. Then come French occupations and the final annexation of the duchy after the death of king Stanislas in 1766. Finally, the French Revolution condemns the corporatism of the Ancien Régime. These various stages have effects on Lorraine?s fate, both in the political, institutional life and in the trading activities. Transposed into the guilds world, these turnovers have consequences on their administrative and professional organization as well as their relationship with public authorities. We suggest studying in this special context the connections between corporations from Nancy and public authorities in both institutional and dispute aspects.
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Samira Djeffel. Corporations et pouvoirs publics au XVIIIème siècle à Nancy : étude institutionnelle et contentieuse. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN20014⟩. ⟨tel-01752740⟩

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