Craquage thermique des vapeurs de pyrolyse-gazéification de la biomasse en réacteur parfaitement auto-agité par jets gazeux

Abstract : Pyrolysis and gasification processes give rise to gases containing by-products such as condensable vapors (tars), aerosols, dust, sulfur compounds and inorganics which may considerably lower the efficiency of catalysts (if chemical synthesis is foreseen) or cause severe damages to motors and turbines (in case of electricity production). Hence, efficient gas treatments are needed. The experiments reported in the present work are related to thermal cracking of condensable vapors. These vapors are produced in a first reactor by biomass pyrolysis (PR) at 540°C. They undergo further cracking in a second vessel, a continuous serf stirred tank reactor (CSSTR), assembled in series with the PR. The CSSTR is operated at temperatures ranging from 550 to 1030°C and gas phase mean residence times ranging from 0,1 to 1 s. Reaction products (char, condensable vapors and permanent gases) are recovered and analyzed. Temperature as well as composition are uniform at any point of the CSSTR. Therefore, it is easy to derive values of kinetic constants from mass balances at a given residence time. Global vapor cracking schemes including gas formation as well as possible maturation into more refractory compounds are proposed. Their kinetic constants are optimized from the experimental results. These models are used to simulate the thermal cracking of a typical load flowing out from a gasifier. Optimal operating conditions of the cracking reactor (in terms of temperature and residence time) are determined to reach the lowest condensable vapors concentration. Thus, efficiency of thermal cracking can be compared to other gas treatment processes
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Sébastien Baumlin. Craquage thermique des vapeurs de pyrolyse-gazéification de la biomasse en réacteur parfaitement auto-agité par jets gazeux. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006INPL041N⟩. ⟨tel-01752750⟩

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