Interactions roches/saumures en contexte d'abandon d'exploitations souterraines de sel

Abstract : The aim of this study is the understanding of the physico-chemical interactions between saturated brine and the rocks (Marnes Irisées inférieures) enclosing the underground salt workings in Lorraine (eastern France), and also the study of their effect on the mechanical behaviour. A multi-scale study was undertaken, from the mineral scale to the one of a salt working. Whereas anhydrite-rich argillites flake quickly with the presence of saturated brine at the border of solutions cavities, the dolomudstone and massive anhydrite don't and can constitute the top of cavities for several years. In order to explain this difference, these three lithologies were analysed in terms of mineralogy, micro-texture and porous media. Then, samples of argillites and massive anhydrite were immersed in saturated brines for more than one year. Chemical and microscopic analysis testified the hydration of anhydrite crystals into gypsum. This transformation occurs in a superficial way on massive anhydrite; to the contrary, it is located inside the anhydrite-rich argilites. As this transformation induces a volume increasing of 63%, the anhydrite crystals swell. In saturated brine, the water activity is low enough to prevent the swelling of clays such as smectites. Thus, anhydrite swelling might be the responsible of the argillites splitting in a saturated brine environment. The superficial anhydrite hydration on massive anhydrite can be explained by the low values of connected porosity (less than 1%) for this lithology. This results can explain, in a qualitative way, the dilatant behaviour of argilites samples during creep tests with brine. The bending behaviour of massive anhydrite don?t seem to be affected by the presence of brine for one year or less, probably because of the too low porosity of this lithology
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Elie Boidin. Interactions roches/saumures en contexte d'abandon d'exploitations souterraines de sel. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007INPL010N⟩. ⟨tel-01752809⟩

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