Synthèse de N-aminopeptides. Application à la synthèse de nouveaux foldamères

Abstract : This work describes the synthesis, the oligomerization and the structural study of N-aminopeptides. By extrapolating an original strategy of hydrazinoacids synthesis developed in the LCPM we were able to obtain N-aminodipeptides in high optical purity in a satisfactory way. These compounds were the indispensable precursors in order to continue the project. We were able to show that the activation of the acidic partner involved in the key reaction of Mitsunobu usually obtained by the use of the phtalimide group, could be advantageously realized by the introduction of a hydrazone moiety with strong electron-withdrawing character. An extension of this method on solid support is a result which constitutes an effective application of a Mitsunobu protocol in Solid Phase Organic Chemistry. The N­aminodipeptides thus obtained were studied in reactions of oligomérisation. A preliminary study in liquid phase allowed to demonstrate that a classic peptidic coupling reaction could occur between two pseudopeptidic units. The continuation of the study was made on solid phase and allowed us to obtain the first [alpha-N-amino]peptides never synthesized to this day. Finally, in the third chapter, these oligomers were studied by molecular modelling and various spectroscopic methods (NMR, IR) who allowed to suggest a folding by the establishment of intramolecular hydrogen bonds
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Anne-Sophie Felten. Synthèse de N-aminopeptides. Application à la synthèse de nouveaux foldamères. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007INPL095N⟩. ⟨tel-01752831⟩

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