Synthèse des ferrates (VI) de métaux alcalins en utilisant le chlore comme oxydant

Abstract : This work is focused on the dry method synthesis of alkaline metal ferrates (A2FeVIO4, A = K, Na) by using chlorine as oxidant. The ferrates (VI) are compounds which contain iron under its oxidation state +6. They gain growing importance in the industrial effluent and water treatment because of multipurpose nature of FeVI. Although the existence of alkaline ferrates has been mentioned for one century, the alkaline ferrates were not the subject of a considerable number of studies. This is mainly due to their instability and difficulties concerning the methods of preparation. The alkaline ferrate synthesis in the rotary reactor was carried out at room temperature and the whole reaction of synthesis was exothermic. For the realized tests of synthesis, solid quantities of (iron salt + AOH) of a few tens of grams up to 400 grams were used. The effects of various parameters on the synthesis process were studied. In the perspective of improving the process of synthesis and applying the industrial extrapolation, the synthesis of ferrate was realised in a fluidized bed reactor. The proceeding occurs by two successive steps: the first consisting in mixing beforehand the sodium hydroxide with ferrous sulphate and the second to fluidize the mixture obtained in the presence of diluted chlorine. The application of this process makes possible to attain a yield in FeVI of about 56 % and the results obtained show a clean and innovative process of low cost for the synthesis of alkaline metal ferrates on a large scale
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Etleva Ostrosi. Synthèse des ferrates (VI) de métaux alcalins en utilisant le chlore comme oxydant. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007INPL061N⟩. ⟨tel-01752850⟩

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