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Production et purification d'acide férulique estérases. Application à la synthèse d'esters phénoliques

Abstract : The induction of the ferulic acid esterase (FAE) synthesis was studied with Streptomyces ambofaciens ATCC 23877. The highest activity was detected in the presence of either destarched wheat bran or oat spelt xylan (0,22, 0,21 mU/mg protein, respectively). FAE productions in bioreactor were also carried out using 1% (w/v) of wheat bran as inducer. The FAE production level was three times higher in bioreactor than in Erlenmeyer flask. FAE of Streptomyces ambofaciens ATCC 23877 and that of Humicola sp., present in an enzymatic commercial mixture (DepolTM 740L), were partially purified and characterised. At the end of the purification, FAE activity of Streptomyces ambofaciens ATCC 23877 was too weak to be used later in synthesis. However, the FAE potential of Humicola sp., concentrated by acetone precipitation, for the synthesis of various phenolic esters was tested. The best conversion yields were observed in the absence of substitution on the phenolic acid aromatic cycle or in the presence of hydroxyl groups. The synthesis in non-aqueous medium (M2B2) were unsuccessful maybe because of an harmful effect of the solvent on the enzyme
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Fadi Kheder. Production et purification d'acide férulique estérases. Application à la synthèse d'esters phénoliques. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007INPL075N⟩. ⟨tel-01752854⟩

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