Adsorption multi-composant dans les zéolithes. Caractérisation par méthode cyclique de la co-diffusion d'isomères mono- et di-branchés de l'hexane sur silicalite en présence d'un composé à cinétique lente

Abstract : The aim of this work is to develop a new experimental method in order to determine simultaneously co-diffusion coefficients in zeolites for mixtures of single- and di-branched C6 paraffins, with totally different diffusion kinetics. The species are 2- and 3-methyl-pentane (2MP and 3MP) and 2-2- and 2-3-dimethyl-butane (22DMB and 23DMB) and the adsorbent is a silicalite. This method is based on the output measurement of an adsorbent column subjected to cyclic variations of its input concentration. The analysis of the mixture experimental breakthrough curves, on several cycles, is carried out using a mathematical model, based on Maxwell-Stefan theory of multi-component diffusion, allowing an estimation of thermodynamic and kinetic parameters. The experimental conditions are close to industrial constraints, i.e. at very high adsorption loading, and in the liquid phase (185°C and 35 bars). This requires to develop a modified Maxwell-Stefan diffusion model, applied to the "Dusty Gas Model", including volume constraints in the crystal which implies to redefine the adsorbent saturation. Moreover, while preserving the simplicity of the "Single File Diffusion" model (no counter-diffusion), a relative volumetric flow of the solid is taken into account, allowing to ensure the independence of the diffusion coefficient of each component in the adsorbent. The Maxwell-Stefan diffusion coefficients for the different isomers, obtained from breakthrough curves simulations on one cycle for fast diffusing species and several cycles for slow molecules are in the sequence : D3MP D2MP, > D23DMB > D22DMB, with a difference of three orders of magnitude between 3MP and 22DMB. This implies that a separation process based on kinetic selectivity can be considered. The cyclic breakthrough experiments, allowing a better characterization of the system, highlight a very slow accumulation of the 22DMB isomer during cycles for specific operating conditions, which may be undetectable on a small number of cycles and on the profiles of the other components.. This phenomenon involves a decrease of the adsorbent performances, in terms of capacity as well as selectivity
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Abdelkader Lettat. Adsorption multi-composant dans les zéolithes. Caractérisation par méthode cyclique de la co-diffusion d'isomères mono- et di-branchés de l'hexane sur silicalite en présence d'un composé à cinétique lente. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008INPL099N⟩. ⟨tel-01753011⟩

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