Élaboration et genèse des microstructures dans les "aciers" fer-azote

Abstract : Car designers are seeking ways to increase the proportion of parts made of sheet steels of higher strength and lower cost. The parallel between the Fe-N and Fe-C phase diagrams shows that it is possible to develop similar steels in the Fe-N system. The objective of this study was to prepare binary Fe-N steels and to develop structures equivalent to those in carbon steels. Approaches to meet the objectives are considered: Preparations of Fe-N steels: gas nitriding in austenite domain followed by homogenization treatments allowed to introduce high amount of nitrogen in pure iron sheet. A simulation of the nitrogen diffusion was proposed to describe the weight increase during nitriding. Genesis of microstructures: The slow cooling of the Fe-N austenite led to lamellar and globular pearlitic structures composed of ferrite and nitrideFe4N. An acicular microstructure, which is the consequence of the precipitation of the ferrite in the nitride Fe4N, was also identified. The slow cooling of the supersaturated Fe-N ferrite led to the precipitation of the stable nitride Fe4N and the metastable nitride Fe16N2, which witnessed a rapid diffusion of nitrogen in ferrite at low temperature, comparable to that of carbon. The multiphase microstructures [alpha+alpha'+gamma] were obtained by intercritical treatments followed by quenching. The intercritical domain was reviewed using the sub-lattice model. In-situ TEM investigations have identified the precipitation of Fe16N2 nitride in the ferrite during the aging at 85 °C. High amount of the residual austenite have been identified, which would be the basis for development of TRIP nitrogen steels
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Xiao Chuan Xiong. Élaboration et genèse des microstructures dans les "aciers" fer-azote. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008INPL079N⟩. ⟨tel-01753025⟩

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